Austria Hungary Agreement

The agreement was a compromise between the emperor and Hungary, not between Hungary and the rest of the Empire. Indeed, the peoples of the Empire were not consulted, despite Francis Joseph`s promise not to make further constitutional changes without the Council of the Reich. Hungary, with a competent ministry, obtained full internal autonomy and accepted, in exchange, that the Empire should still be a single major state for the purposes of war and foreign policy. Franz Joseph thus abandoned his internal prerogatives in Hungary, including his protection of non-Magyar peoples, in exchange for maintaining dynastic prestige abroad. The “common monarchy” consisted of the emperor and his court, the Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Minister of War. There was no common prime minister (except Franz Joseph himself) or a common cabinet. Common issues should be discussed in delegations made up of representatives of both parliaments. There should be a customs union and account sharing that should be reviewed every ten years. This tenth revision has always given the Hungarians the opportunity to blackmail the rest of the Empire. Higher education institutions were mainly German, but from the 1870s, language changes began. [95] These institutions, which had a predominantly German character in the mid-19th century, were transformed into Polish national institutions in Galicia, Bohemia and Moravia a separation in Germany and the Czech Republic. This is how the Germans, Czechs and Poles were treated.

But now the small nations have also made their voices heard: the Ruthenians, the Slovenians and the Italians. The Ruthenes first asked for a national division of the Polish university there, given the predominantly ruthenian character of the Eastern Galatia. The Poles were initially intransigent, and Ruthenic demonstrations and strikes took place by students, and the Ruthenes were no longer content with the reversal of some separate chairs of professors and parallel lectures. By a pact reached on January 28, 1914, the Poles promised a Ruthenian university; but because of the war, the question passed. Because of the population, the Italians could hardly claim their own university (in 1910, they had 783,000), but they claimed it all the more because of their ancient culture. All parties agreed to the creation of an Italian law school; the difficulty was in choosing the place. The Italians demanded Trieste; but the government feared that this Adriatic port would be the centre of an irredededita; In addition, the Slavs in the south of the city wanted them to be kept away from an Italian educational institution.


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